Cabbage Growing: Seed to Harvest




Growing Cabbages

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Are you ready to unleash your green thumb and start growing your own cabbages in your backyard? With our comprehensive guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about cabbage gardening, from seeding to harvesting your healthy yields.

Key Takeaways:

  • Growing cabbages requires starting from seeds, either purchased or self-started.
  • Plant seeds 50-60 days before the last frost date and transplant seedlings to larger pots after sprouting.
  • Cabbage plants thrive in a sunny spot with well-draining soil, spaced 15-23 inches apart.
  • Provide ample sunlight and regular watering for optimal cabbage growth.
  • Common pests in cabbage plants include cabbage worms, flea beetles, and cabbage root maggots.

Starting from Seeds: The Foundation of Cabbage Gardening

The foundation of a successful cabbage garden lies in starting with high-quality seeds and properly planting them in your soil. Let’s dive into the process of starting from seeds and ensure your cabbage garden gets off to a fantastic start.

  1. Choosing the Right Seeds: When selecting cabbage seeds, opt for varieties that are well-suited to your climate and growing conditions. Check the seed packet or consult with a local garden center to ensure you choose the best cabbage variety for your region. This will increase the likelihood of a successful harvest.
  2. Planting the Seeds: Cabbage seeds should be planted indoors about 50-60 days before the last frost date. Start by filling seed trays or pots with a well-draining seed starting mix. Sow the seeds about ¼ inch deep, spacing them at least 2 inches apart. Gently water the soil and cover the trays with a plastic dome or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse-like environment.
  3. Providing Optimal Growing Conditions: Place the trays in a warm area with plenty of sunlight or under grow lights. Cabbage seeds require temperatures of around 60-70°F (15-21°C) to germinate. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. As soon as the seedlings emerge, remove the plastic cover and continue to provide ample light and water.
  4. Transplanting Seedlings: Once the cabbage seedlings have developed their first true leaves and are strong enough to handle, they can be transplanted into larger pots. Carefully lift each seedling from the tray, being mindful not to damage the delicate roots. Plant the seedlings in a well-prepared planting bed or larger containers, spacing them about 15-23 inches apart to allow enough room for growth.

Note: Starting cabbage seeds indoors gives them a head start and increases the likelihood of successful growth. However, if you prefer, you can also purchase seedlings from a local nursery and transplant them directly into your garden.

Table: Recommended Cabbage Varieties

VarietyDays to MaturityDescription
Green Express55-60 daysA compact variety that matures early and produces small to medium-sized heads.
Savoy King70-80 daysA delicious heirloom variety with crinkled leaves and large, round heads.
Red Acre75-85 daysA popular red cabbage variety that adds color and flavor to salads and coleslaw.

By starting your cabbage garden from seeds and following these steps, you’ll set the stage for a bountiful harvest. Stay tuned for the next sections of our cabbage gardening guide, where we will explore soil preparation, care practices, pest management, and more. Happy cabbage growing!

Preparing the Soil: Key to Thriving Cabbage Plants

The key to thriving cabbage plants lies in preparing the soil to create a nourishing environment for their growth. Let’s explore the importance of soil preparation and discover the best soil for growing your cabbages.

Cabbage plants belong to the Brassica oleracea family, which includes other vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and kale. These plants thrive in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting your cabbage, it is essential to prepare the soil by removing any weeds or debris and loosening it with a garden fork or tiller. This will improve the soil’s structure and allow the roots to penetrate easily.

The best soil for growing cabbage is fertile, loamy soil with a slightly acidic pH level of around 6.0 to 6.5. Loam soil is a combination of sand, silt, and clay, which provides good drainage while retaining moisture and nutrients. Adding compost or well-rotted manure to the soil will further enhance its fertility and help supply the necessary nutrients for cabbage growth.

Soil Preparation Steps:

  1. Clear the area of weeds and debris.
  2. Loosen the soil using a garden fork or tiller.
  3. Mix in compost or well-rotted manure to enrich the soil.
  4. Level the soil surface and create rows or mounds, depending on your preferred planting method.

By preparing the soil properly, you are creating a favorable environment for your cabbage plants to grow strong and healthy. Remember to water your cabbage regularly, providing about an inch of water per week, and consider using organic mulch to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. With proper soil preparation and care, you’ll be rewarded with a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious cabbages.

Soil TypeCharacteristics
Loam SoilCombination of sand, silt, and clay
Good drainage and moisture retention
Rich in nutrients
Sandy SoilContains larger particles
Drains quickly and warms up faster
Needs more frequent watering and fertilization
Clay SoilContains smaller particles
Retains water and nutrients well
May require loosening and additional amendments
Peat SoilHigh organic matter content
Retains moisture but may become waterlogged
Requires good drainage and balanced fertility

Nurturing Your Cabbages: Watering, Sunlight, and Care

Providing proper care to your cabbage plants is vital for their overall health and productivity. Let’s delve into the key elements of cabbage care, including watering, sunlight, and other essential care practices.

Watering is crucial for cabbage plants, as they require consistent moisture throughout their growth. Aim to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can cause stunted growth and smaller heads. A good practice is to water deeply, ensuring the water reaches the root zone, and avoid wetting the foliage to prevent diseases.

Sunlight is another critical factor in cabbage care. Cabbage plants thrive in full sun, receiving at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Insufficient sunlight can result in weak stems, reduced growth, and smaller heads. If you’re growing cabbages in a partially shaded area, consider pruning nearby plants or structures that may be obstructing sunlight.

In addition to watering and sunlight, there are other essential care practices to keep in mind. Regularly inspect your cabbage plants for pests such as cabbage worms and flea beetles. These pests can cause significant damage if left unattended. Applying organic pest control methods, such as introducing beneficial insects or using homemade insecticidal soaps, can help manage these invaders.

Furthermore, it’s important to monitor the health of your cabbage plants for signs of diseases like black rot and clubroot. These diseases can weaken the plants and reduce crop yield. Practice crop rotation and avoid planting cabbages in the same area for consecutive growing seasons. This can help minimize the risk of disease buildup in the soil.

Quick Tips for Cabbage Care:

  • Water deeply and consistently, avoiding both overwatering and underwatering.
  • Ensure cabbage plants receive 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.
  • Inspect plants regularly for pests like cabbage worms and flea beetles.
  • Monitor for signs of diseases such as black rot and clubroot.
  • Practice crop rotation to minimize disease buildup in the soil.

By following these care practices, you’ll provide your cabbage plants with the optimal conditions for healthy growth, leading to a bountiful harvest of delicious, crunchy cabbages.

Care PracticeKey Points
WateringAim for even moisture, avoiding overwatering and underwatering. Water deeply, reaching the root zone, and avoid wetting the foliage.
SunlightProvide at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Remove any obstructions that may prevent sufficient sunlight from reaching the plants.
Pest ControlRegularly inspect for pests like cabbage worms and flea beetles. Utilize organic pest control methods to manage infestations.
Disease PreventionMonitor for signs of diseases like black rot and clubroot. Practice crop rotation to reduce disease buildup in the soil.

Protecting Your Cabbages: Managing Pests and Diseases

Just like any other plants, cabbages are susceptible to pests and diseases that can hinder their growth and even destroy your crops. Let’s explore effective techniques for protecting your cabbages from common pests and diseases.

To prevent pests from wreaking havoc on your cabbage plants, it’s important to identify them early and take immediate action. Common pests that can infest cabbage include cabbage worms, flea beetles, and cabbage root maggots. Regularly inspect your plants for signs of damage, such as chewed leaves or holes in the cabbage heads. If you spot any pests, you can manually remove them or use organic insecticides to control their population. Companion planting with herbs like mint or planting a border of marigolds around your cabbage patch can also help repel pests.

When it comes to diseases, cabbage plants are particularly susceptible to fungal infections like black rot and clubroot. To minimize the risk of diseases, ensure proper soil preparation and drainage. Avoid overwatering your plants, as excessive moisture can promote the growth of fungi. Crop rotation is also essential in preventing the buildup of diseases in the soil. Avoid planting cabbage or other related crops in the same spot for consecutive years. If you notice any signs of disease, promptly remove and destroy the affected plants to prevent further spread.

In addition to pests and diseases, practicing good garden hygiene is vital for maintaining healthy cabbage plants. Regularly remove weeds, as they can compete for nutrients and create a favorable environment for pests and diseases. Mulching can also help suppress weed growth while conserving soil moisture. Furthermore, providing adequate spacing between cabbage plants allows for better air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases.

Common pests and diseases in cabbage plants
Cabbage wormsBlack rot
Flea beetlesClubroot
Cabbage root maggots

By implementing these pest and disease management techniques, you can protect your cabbage plants and ensure a bountiful harvest. Remember to monitor your plants regularly, provide proper care, and take necessary action at the first sign of trouble. With a little effort and attention, you’ll be rewarded with healthy, thriving cabbages to enjoy in your meals.

Harvesting Your Bounty: When and How to Harvest Cabbages

The moment of harvesting your cabbage heads is a rewarding experience after all the hard work you’ve put into your garden. Let’s discover the proper techniques for harvesting your cabbages at the peak of their freshness and flavor.

When it comes to harvesting cabbage, timing is crucial. Cabbage heads should be firm to the touch and have reached their full size. A good indicator is when the heads are around 6-8 inches in diameter and have a solid feel. If you notice any cracking or splitting, it’s best to harvest those heads immediately before they deteriorate further.

To harvest your cabbage, use a sharp knife or garden shears to cut the head off at the base. Aim to make a clean cut just above the first set of leaves. This will ensure the remaining plant can grow smaller heads or loose leaves for future harvests.

Tips for Harvesting Cabbage:

  • Harvest in the morning when it’s cooler to help preserve freshness.
  • Inspect the heads for any signs of pests or diseases and remove any affected leaves.
  • Handle the cabbage heads gently to avoid bruising or damaging the leaves.
  • After harvesting, remove any outer leaves that may have become damaged or discolored.

Once harvested, cabbage can be stored in cold, moist conditions to extend its shelf life. Wrap the heads in plastic or place them in a perforated plastic bag in the refrigerator. Alternatively, you can preserve cabbage through fermentation to make sauerkraut or kimchi, which adds a flavorful twist to your culinary creations.

Cabbage VarietyDays to HarvestHarvesting Window
Early Jersey Wakefield60-70 daysHeads are compact and firm
Savoy Cabbage80-95 daysHeads are loose and crinkled
Red Express65-75 daysDeep red color and tight heads

Remember, cabbage plants are part of the Brassica oleracea family, which includes other vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, and kale. So, rotating your crops and practicing good garden hygiene can help prevent the buildup of pests and diseases.

By following these harvesting techniques, you’ll be able to enjoy the delicious taste and crispy texture of freshly harvested cabbages straight from your garden. Happy harvesting!

Advanced Techniques: Growing Cabbage for Seeds

If you’re up for a more advanced cabbage gardening technique, consider growing your cabbages for seed production. Let’s explore the process of overwintering your plants and replanting them in the spring to ensure successful seed production.

Overwintering cabbage plants is the key to producing high-quality seeds. As winter approaches, you’ll need to prepare your plants for the colder months. First, trim off any large leaves and cut the main stem down to about 6 inches. This helps the plant conserve energy and protects it from harsh weather conditions.

Next, dig up the cabbage plants carefully, making sure to keep the roots intact. Transplant them into large containers or a protected area of your garden where they can be shielded from frost. You can cover the plants with straw or mulch to provide insulation during extremely cold spells. Remember to water them sparingly to prevent root rot.

In the spring, when the weather warms up and there is no longer a threat of frost, you can replant your overwintered cabbage plants into the ground. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil and prepare it by adding compost or organic matter. Space the plants at least 15 to 23 inches apart to allow for optimal growth.

Tips for Successful Seed Production

  • Allow the cabbage plants to grow and develop seed heads. These heads will form after the plants bolt, sending up tall stalks and producing yellow flowers.
  • Monitor the seed heads closely for maturity. The flowers will fade and dry out, and the seed pods will turn brown and start to split open.
  • Once the seed pods have fully dried, carefully cut them from the plant and place them in a paper bag for further drying.
  • Remove the seeds from the pods and store them in a cool, dry place until you are ready to plant them for the next growing season.

By following these advanced techniques for growing cabbage for seed production, you can ensure a steady supply of high-quality cabbage seeds year after year. It may require some extra effort and care, but the rewards of having your very own seed bank are well worth it.

– Greater control over seed quality– Requires more time and effort
– Cost savings by producing your own seeds– Overwintering and protection from frost
– Ability to select and save seeds from the best-performing plants– Proper storage and maintenance of seeds


Growing cabbages can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience, allowing you to enjoy homegrown, nutritious produce right from your backyard. With proper knowledge and care, you can confidently embark on your cabbage gardening journey and enjoy abundant harvests.

Starting from seeds is the foundation of cabbage gardening. Whether you choose to purchase seedlings or start them yourself, planting quality cabbage seeds is crucial for successful growth. By following step-by-step instructions on planting, you can ensure your cabbage seedlings thrive and develop into healthy plants.

Preparing the soil is key to growing thriving cabbage plants. Choose the best soil for cabbage growth and take the time to properly prepare it before planting. This will provide a conducive environment for the roots to establish, leading to strong and healthy plants.

Nurturing your cabbages with proper care practices is essential. Ensure they receive adequate water, sunlight, and general care, as cabbage is a heavy feeder. By meeting their needs, you can promote optimal growth and help your cabbages reach their full potential.

Protecting your cabbages from pests and diseases is crucial for a successful harvest. Keep a close eye on common cabbage plant pests such as cabbage worms, flea beetles, and cabbage root maggots. By managing and preventing these pests, you can safeguard your crops and ensure a bountiful harvest.

Knowing the right time to harvest your cabbage heads is essential for the best flavor and quality. Harvest them when they are firm to the touch, and if any heads split, make sure to harvest them immediately. By carefully timing your harvest, you can enjoy the delicious taste of fresh, homegrown cabbage.

If you’re looking to take your cabbage gardening to the next level, consider growing cabbage specifically for seed production. This advanced technique involves overwintering the plants and replanting them in the spring. By doing so, you can expand your cabbage growing capabilities and explore new possibilities.

In conclusion, growing cabbages can be a rewarding and enjoyable endeavor. From starting with quality seeds to nurturing your plants, protecting them from pests and diseases, and harvesting at the right time, each step in the process contributes to a successful cabbage garden. With dedication and proper care, you can cultivate abundant cabbage crops and savor the taste of your own homegrown produce.

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